China’s timber consumption anticipated to increase

  • October 09, 2010
  • • Source: ITTO's Tropical Timber Market Report
  • • Views: 1890
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According to Zhang Jianlong, deputy administrator of the State Forestry Administration, China’s total timber consumption will increase from 457 million cu.m in 2009 to 477 million cu.m for 2010, and the need for timber imports for domestic consumption will grow from 100 million cu.m to 150 million cu.m per year in 2010. Zhang Jianlong pointed out that the growing need for timber cannot be met only by importing more. It is urgent to promote domestic timber supply, allocate land areas for wood and timber production and improve forest management, he added.

According to the latest national forest inventory, China’s total forest cover is 1.9 billion hectares accounting for 20% of the total land area, with a 13.7 billion cu.m standing wood stock volume. China’s total area of plantation is the highest in the world, making up 38% of the global total. In recent years, China’s forest resources have been increasing due to large scale reforestation efforts, conversion of agricultural land to forests and through the implementation of the Natural Forest Protection Programme.

According to the National Plan for Conservation and Utilization of Forest Land (2010-2020), domestic consumption of timber and wood products will grow rapidly in line with social and economic development. The plan also addresses how to increase China’s forest area in the future. According to the plan, China’s forest area will reach 223 million hectares and standing wood stock 15.8 billion cu.m by 2020.

Shandong forestry enterprises in foreign countries
The implementation of Shandong Province’s strategy to establish business activities abroad is reportedly progressing. According to the statistics from Shandong Forestry Bureau, some 17 forestry enterprises from Shandong Province have been setting up businesses in foreign countries for logging, timber processing and establishing forest plantations. These enterprises have rented or purchased a total of 3.5 million hectares of forests with 400 million cu.m of standing wood stock, which is four times more than the total provincial forest resources.

Zaozhuang Mining Industry Group invested US$200 million to buy forests with 1.6 million cu.m of standing wood stock in Canada and to build a timber downstream processing base in Rizhao City. Yangxin Eurasia Woodwork Company rented a forest area with 1.2 million cu.m of standing wood stock while Yantai Northwest Forestry Co. Ltd rented forest area with 45,000 cu.m, both in Russia. In Gabon, Shangdong Longsheng Group acquired a concession with 450,000 cu.m of standing wood stock. Shandong Sun Paper Industry Co. Ltd rented forests with a total of 99,900 cu.m standing stock from South East Asian countries such Laos to initiate pulp and paper production.

The expansion of Shandong forestry sector seems to continue as more and more enterprises are showing interest to invest in foreign forestry resources, capital and technologies. In 2007, there were 21 Shandong’s enterprises participating in field visit to Russian forest resources. In March 2010, 8 enterprises took part in the Investment and Trade fair held in Russia for Shandong downstream timber enterprises.

Shandong Forestry Bureau has established cooperation with Russia, Japan, Indonesia and Australia to facilitate and provide information for enterprises to invest in foreign countries.

Cost of Chinese furniture in US market
According to Chinese furniture industries, furniture exports will be greatly affected by the changes in the US Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act, which stipulates hardwood plywood, particleboard and MDF sold in the US must meet a formaldehyde emission standard of 0.09 parts per million by January 1, 2013.

As a result, furniture enterprises will have to use E0 panel instead of E1 panel to produce their products which will increase the costs of furniture manufacturing by 20%, says a spokesman of Zhejiang furniture industry.

Wood-based panel imports from Thailand pick up
According to the statistics from Ningbo Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, in the first seven months of 2010 wood-based panel imports from Thailand through Ningbo Port were 60,000 cu.m worth US$21 million. Thailand tripled its wood-based panel exports over the same period in 2009, making up 38% of the total wood-based panel imports through Ningbo Port. There were 3 major enterprises which imported each 15,000 cu.m of rubber wood panels in Ningbo district.


Guangzhou City Imported Timber Market
Logs Yuan per m3
Lauan (50-60cm)
1900-2100
Kapur (up to 79cm)
2000-2100
Merbau 6m, (up to 79cm)
3500-4000
Teak
11000-13000
Wenge
5000-5200
Sawnwood

Teak sawn grade A (Africa)
9300
US Maple 2" KD
7500-10000
US Cherry 2"
10000-13000
US Walnut 2"
14000-16000
Lauan
4000-4200
Okoume
4000-5000
Sapele
6100-6300


Shanghai Furen Wholesale Market
Logs
Yuan per m3
Teak (Myanmar, all lengths)
7500-8500
Sawnwood

Beech KD Grade AB
4800-5000
US Cherry, 1 inch
9500-10000
US Red Oak, 50mm
6500-7000
Sapele 50mm FAS (Congo)

KD (2", FAS)
6500-6800
KD (2", grade A)
5700-5800

Shandong De Zhou Timber market
Logs Yuan per m3
Larch 6m, 24-28cm diam.
1200
White pine 6m, 24-28cm diam.
1300
Korean pine 4m, 30cm diam.
1350
6m, 30cm diam.
1450
Mongolian Scots

Pine 6m, 30cm diam.
1380

Hebei Shijiangzhuang Wholesale Market
Logs Yuan per m3
Korean Pine 4m, 38cm+ diam.
1600
Mongolian Scots Pine 4m, 30cm diam.
1450
6m, 30cm+ diam.
1600
Sawnwood

Mongolian Scots Pine 4m, 5-6cm thick
1550
4m, 10cm thick
1600

Tian Jin City Huan Bo Hai timber Market
Logs Yuan per m3
Okoume 80cm+
2900-3400
Sapele 80cm+ 6000-6600
Wenge 80cm+ 13000-14500
Sawnwood
Doussie
3600-4000
European beech boules
3200-3400
Radiata
800-1200
Plywood

US Black Walnut 4x8x3 mm
6000-8000
Beech 4x8x3 mm
6000-8000
Teak 4x8x3 mm
6000-8000
Poplar (4x8x3-5 mm) 3000-4000


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