After a sharp decline in global demand for lumber in 2008 and 2009 as a result of the global recession, global trade of softwood lumber increased an estimated 25 percent over the past two years. In 2011, trade reached just over 90 million m3, which is still substantially below “pre-financial crises” levels. China, Japan, Spain and South Korea saw the biggest rise in import volumes between 2010 and 2011. However, not all markets improved last year, and major importers such as the US, the UK, Italy, France and Egypt reduced imports by between 5-10 percent year-over-year.
The Middle East/North African region has had a growing appetite for lumber for its
construction sector; and the region imported 36 percent more lumber in 2010 than in
2007. This steady upward trend was interrupted last year when the Egyptian revolution,
the civil war in Libya and riots in Algeria created temporary chaos and uncertainty in the
region. As a result, shipments of lumber fell and total imports to N. Africa/Middle East
were down about ten percent from the previous year.
The sawmilling industry in Europe has not had a good year with declining product prices,
reduced demand for lumber in both domestic and export markets, and continued high
wood raw-material costs as reported by the Wood Resource Quarterly. As a result, many
sawmills on the continent have reduced operating rates and numerous lumber companies
have suffered financial losses during the past year.
Lumber prices in the Nordic countries fell during most of the second half of 2011 to their
lowest levels since the summer of 2009. However, the bottom may have been reached for
now. There are signs that the lumber market is improving in a few countries on the
continent and in major markets in Northern Africa and Middle East. This is happening at
the same time as log costs are in the decline, which could be the good news that many
sawmills have been waiting for.
However, the lumber market is still very unpredictable and frail, so if the lumber sector
increases production from the current level too fast, there is a chance supply will grow
faster than demand in the coming months, with reduced product prices as the result. If
this less desirable scenario (from the industry’s perspective) bears fruition, it would not
be the first time this industry has overreacted to limited positive news and increased
operating rates above actual market demand.